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Delinquent Property Taxes
Unpaid property taxes become delinquent on April 1st of the year following the tax year. For example, 2016 property taxes will become delinquent on April 1, 2017 if they are unpaid. Delinquent real estate taxes and delinquent tangible personal property taxes are handled very differently.
REAL ESTATE TAXES
Per Florida Law, on the delinquent date, (April 1st), a 3% penalty is added to the gross tax. Accounts that remain unpaid in May are charged an advertising fee and are advertised in a local newspaper three times during the month of May. If the taxes remain unpaid, a tax certificate, which constitutes a first lien against real property, must be sold against the unpaid tax on or before June 1st each year. For more information about the Tax Certificate Sale, visit our Tax Certificate Sale website at www.BidIndianRiver.com.
To redeem the tax certificate, all delinquent taxes plus accrued interest, penalties, and advertising must be paid to the Tax Collector in certified funds, i.e., cashier’s check, money order or cash.
If the purchaser of the certificate holds the tax certificate for a period of two years from the date of delinquency and the property owner does not redeem the tax certificate, the certificate holder may file a tax deed application with the Tax Collector. The property owner is notified of this action and if the taxes remain unpaid, the property will be sold to the highest bidder in a public sale at the County Courthouse. This sale is conducted by the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
TANGIBLE PERSONAL PROPERTY TAXES
Per Florida Law, on April 1st a $2.00 delinquent fee and $8.00 warrant fee is added. In addition, interest begins to accrue at the rate of 1.5% per month until the taxes are paid.
Accounts remaining unpaid in May are charged an advertising fee and are published in a local newspaper during the month of May. Tax warrants are issued on all unpaid delinquent tangible personal property accounts. The costs associated with the warrants are added to the tax bill. Within 30 days of issuance of tax warrants, the Tax Collector applies to the Circuit Court for an order directing levy and seizure of the property for the amount of unpaid taxes and costs.